Special Education

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What is Special Education?
Special education is primarily for children and students with special needs and addresses those needs individually taking their differences into account. The process is very different from mainstream education and involves systematic monitoring of teachers and their teaching procedure. Other factors that need to be taken into account are things like adapting equipment and materials, accessibility and other tools designed specifically to help learners with special needs. The idea is to help these learners achieve a higher level of self-sufficiency in the community that mainstream learners take for granted.
Special needs categories

Learning disability – This has nothing to do with intelligence levels, students with learning disabilities have problems carrying out specific types of tasks or learning particular skills required to carry out those tasks. The major problem in this category is that there is a disorder in the brain which affects its ability to receive and process information.Emotional and behavioral disorders – Commonly known as EBD in profession, this is a broad category disorder which children and adolescents. It has been labelled “broad category” because the observed behavior of EBD sufferers depends on a lot of factors. More often than not EBD students may suffer from other disabilities such as autism, Rett syndrome, Asperger syndrome, PDD, PDD-NOS and ADHD.Developmental disability – This term is used in the US to refer to disabilities affecting daily life in 3 or more of the following areas; ability to live independently, learning, mobility, economic self-sufficiency, self-care, self-direction and language skills (receptive and expressive). People with developmental disabilities are those who are mentally retarded or suffer from cerebral palsy, genetic and chromosomal disorders such as Down syndrome, Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and autism spectral disorders.

History of Special Education in US
Civitan International has over 40,000 members in around 1,000 clubs all over the world. Founded by Courtney Shropshire and other businessmen from the local Rotary Club in Birmingham Alabama, the civitans were the first to provide broad-based teacher training to teachers who taught children with developmental disorders in the early 1950s. During the civil rights period of the 1960s some researchers turned their attention to the disparity of education amongst people with physical disabilities.

Students with special needs were still not allowed to enroll in regular public schools until the federal government passed the “Education for all Handicapped Children Act in 1975. After revising it a couple of times, the act finally adopted the name we have today, IDEA; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. IDEA opened the floodgates to providing education to millions of students who had previously been denied this right. The department of Education estimates that roughly 6 million children, which accounts for approximately 10 per cent of all school-aged children, are in receipt of special education in the US today.

Special education programs
Education for students with special needs, those who require additional time and resources to learn the same material, requires frequent changes to the curriculum. All successful special education programs have one thing in common; to utilize the child’s time in concentrating on high-priority skills. In this way the child is not frustrated by having to learn advanced skills that are beyond his capabilities. Most students with special needs are best helped by introducing changes to the method of instruction rather than the information or the skills being taught.

Distance Learning

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Distance learning programs are designed to enable students to pursue higher education in a convenient way. Many students are unable to enroll in higher level degree programs because of lack of finances. Some individuals cannot continue their studies because they have full-time or part-time jobs. Distance learning programs allow students to study from the comfort of their home. Distance learning programs are usually affordable and offer more flexibility compare to traditional on-campus degrees. Students can choose to study at any time that suits them. Some distance learning programs also allow students to complete the degree at their own pace.
Technologies Used in Distance Learning Programs

The distance learning programs have become extremely effective with the help of learning technologies. There are several online tools and technologies that make these trainings as useful as the traditional education programs. All these programs are managed online. For this reason, distance learning is also referred to as “Elearning”. In this mode of education, students attend lectures online. They participate in different group discussions, appear for tests and submit their assignments to their teachers by means of emails. A number of learning technologies are used in these programs. Some of them include:Websites
Elearning software
Emails
Online databases
Audio-visual aids

Kinds of Distance Learning Programs
There are scores of programs offered in distance learning trainings. Students can find almost all areas of specializations in online trainings. Depending on the career objectives, learners can choose to enroll in:
Distance learning certificate programs
Distance learning diploma programs
Distance learning degree programs

Disciplines to Pursue in Distance Learning Programs
The wide arrays of disciplines that are offered in the distance learning programs include one of the primary factors that have made this mode of education so popular. Students with different career goals and talents can easily find an educational program of their choice. The popular disciplines offered in distance learning programs include:

Nursing
Arts
Psychology
Justice
Medical billing
Finance
Engineering
Accounting
Culinary Arts
Computer science
Media
Business
Education

Students can enroll in educational programs in the concentration of their interest and pursue a rewarding career in the field of their choice.

Selection of a Distance Learning Program
Candidates who are interested in distance learning trainings should do thorough research before settling for a program. They need to find out the best and most reliable online institutes. It is imperative to see to the accreditation of an online school or college before opting for any training program. As not all online schools are accredited, students must not choose an institute without proper research. Accreditation of online institutes is extremely important as only degrees and certifications from these schools are recognized in the job market. Also, it is imperative to find out the other details related to an institute such as the fee of the program, course duration and content of the program.

Doctoral in Nursing

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Overview of the field
A doctoral degree in Nursing enables existing health care professionals or students to get better job opportunities besides an in-depth understanding of the medical field.
Structure and duration of the degree program
A doctoral in Nursing takes about 3 to 4 years to complete. Unlike a DNP or PhD in Nursing, this program is also offered as an online program by a number of universities. The degree is an amalgam of coursework but is mainly based on research which is also the focus of the latter years of the degree.
Highlights of the coursework
The coursework of the Doctoral of Nursing program entails both theoretical and practical aspects of Nursing. Some of the significant courses include methods and processes of nursing practice, quantitative and qualitative methods in nursing research, advanced health care statistics. As a part of their final research, students usually take up research on general care nursing; eventually making it their field of expertise.
Admission criteria and degree requirements
To get admission into a Doctoral of Nursing program you need to have completed a master’s degree in the relevant field with an average GPA of 3.0 to 4.0. Most of the universities require work experience in nursing as well.
Career prospects and average salary
A doctoral-level nurse can work as nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nurse administrators or midwives. Nursing, like other advanced-level medical positions, can be lucrative if you have substantial work experience and a doctoral degree. The average salary for someone with a Doctoral of Nursing is around $80,000 per annum.
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Bachelor in Psychology

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What is psychology?
The field of psychology deals with the study of the mind and the underlying processes that form our thoughts, feelings and actions. Psychology is a relatively new field of science, and a few decades ago was limited exclusively for clinical purposes. Today however, it has grown into one of the largest fields of science and includes numerous sub fields focusing such as child psychology, developmental psychology, counseling, behavioral psychology, and biopsychology. The field of industrial psychology is a rapidly growing area of psychology, and focuses on the design and implementation of effective management principles for employee retention and satisfaction, and to increase productivity and profits.
How can I get the Bachelor of Psychology?
In order to enroll in the bachelor of psychology degree, applicants must have graduated high school and pass a college admission test. The four-year long degree includes a core curriculum revolving around human psychology, psychological disorders and their identification and treatment. Students also take courses in physiology, social psychology, behavior modification and cultural psychology. Before they graduate, students must complete an internship at a hospital, clinic or other institution in order to better understand the practical applications of psychology.
What are the future prospects?
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, job opportunities for psychologists are expected to increase by 16% through 2018. A bachelor of psychology is the best way to take advantage of this growth and can land a job at a hospital, private clinic, mental health institution, school or various government agencies. Average earnings for fresh entrants in psychology are currently $85,000 per year; while more experienced professionals make close to $200,000 per year.

Bachelor of Psychology

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What is psychology? The field of psychology deals with the study of the mind and the underlying processes that form our thoughts, feelings and actions. Psychology is a relatively new field of science, and a few decades ago was limited exclusively for clinical purposes. Today however, it has grown into one of the largest fields of science and includes numerous sub fields focusing such as child psychology, developmental psychology, counseling, behavioral psychology, and biopsychology.
The field of industrial psychology is a rapidly growing area of psychology, and focuses on the design and implementation of effective management principles for employee retention and satisfaction, and to increase productivity and profits.
How can I get the Bachelor of Psychology?
In order to enroll in the bachelor of psychology degree, applicants must have graduated high school and pass a college admission test. The four-year long degree includes a core curriculum revolving around human psychology, psychological disorders and their identification and treatment. Students also take courses in physiology, social psychology, behavior modification and cultural psychology. Before they graduate, students must complete an internship at a hospital, clinic or other institution in order to better understand the practical applications of psychology.
What are the future prospects?
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, job opportunities for psychologists are expected to increase by 16% through 2018. A bachelor of psychology is the best way to take advantage of this growth and can land a job at a hospital, private clinic, mental health institution, school or various government agencies. Average earnings for fresh entrants in psychology are currently $85,000 per year; while more experienced professionals make close to $200,000 per year.

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