What is Special Education?
Special education is primarily for children and students with special needs and addresses those needs individually taking their differences into account. The process is very different from mainstream education and involves systematic monitoring of teachers and their teaching procedure. Other factors that need to be taken into account are things like adapting equipment and materials, accessibility and other tools designed specifically to help learners with special needs. The idea is to help these learners achieve a higher level of self-sufficiency in the community that mainstream learners take for granted.
Special needs categories

Learning disability – This has nothing to do with intelligence levels, students with learning disabilities have problems carrying out specific types of tasks or learning particular skills required to carry out those tasks. The major problem in this category is that there is a disorder in the brain which affects its ability to receive and process information.Emotional and behavioral disorders – Commonly known as EBD in profession, this is a broad category disorder which children and adolescents. It has been labelled “broad category” because the observed behavior of EBD sufferers depends on a lot of factors. More often than not EBD students may suffer from other disabilities such as autism, Rett syndrome, Asperger syndrome, PDD, PDD-NOS and ADHD.Developmental disability – This term is used in the US to refer to disabilities affecting daily life in 3 or more of the following areas; ability to live independently, learning, mobility, economic self-sufficiency, self-care, self-direction and language skills (receptive and expressive). People with developmental disabilities are those who are mentally retarded or suffer from cerebral palsy, genetic and chromosomal disorders such as Down syndrome, Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and autism spectral disorders.